Плюсы и минусы жд транспорта – . . TransPark — , , .

Грузоперевозки. Железнодорожные перевозки: плюсы и минусы.

Грузоперевозки. Железнодорожные перевозки: плюсы и минусы 25.07.2016 12:18

Объективно отсутствует особая популярность у железнодорожных перевозок. В случае наличия этого варианта, как единственного и приемлемого, приходится прибегать именно к такому способу.

Географические особенности стран СНГ обуславливают большую необходимость в использовании железнодорожного транспорта при негабаритных перевозках, а также транспортировке сырьевых грузов. На самом деле, железная дорога позволяет:

• обеспечить качественную транспортировку крупногабаритных грузов в специально оборудованных вагонах;

• в отдельные, труднодоступные районы России, доставка с помощью железнодорожного транспорта обходится, как дешевле, так и безопасней;

• большую партию грузов, следует отправлять в несколько автомобилей и со специальными разрешениями, а используя железную дорогу количество бумажной работы уменьшается, а для помещения всех грузов необходим всего один состав.

Существенным минусом в такой доставке является медленная скорость движения вагонов и обязательны маршрут. Низкая скорость перевозки в случае работы со скоропортящимися товарами нивелируется наличием специализированных рефрижераторных секций, позволяющих хорошо сохранить товар, благодаря функциям полноценных холодильных систем.

В случае организации перевозок, следует обратиться к организатору для осуществления договоров. В этих бумагах должны быть указана информация о нахождении станций отбытия и места станции приезда. Специальной структурой выдаётся документация с указанным номерными параметрами ж/д кода. Приводятся детальные указания грузов, полная спецификация и подробное описание аспектов работы перевозки с данным типом груза.

Основным минусом и предметом спора при использовании именно этого способа перевозки, можно назвать вопрос простоя товара. В случае использование другого типа средства транспортировки, финансовый расчёт, обусловленный задержкой товаров, ложится на плечи грузоотправителя и грузополучателя, но никак не на плечи перевозчика.

С другой стороны, экономичная работа с вагонами, их срок службы, позволяют назвать транспорт такого типа самым долговечным и менее подверженным обновлениям и модернизации, что позволяет выгодно работать


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Железно-дорожный транспорт. Есть ли выгода | Полезные статьи, советы

Вопрос: Расскажите о плюсах и минусах Железнодорожного транспорта.

Ответ: Интересно, что термин «железная дорога» впервые был придуман в США еще в XIX веке. И до сегодняшнего дня железно-дорожный транспорт остается одним из самых популярных видов передвижения. В чем его плюсы? И есть ли у него минусы?

Преимущества ж/д транспорта

Если вы любите ездить на дальние расстояния, то поезд по сравнению с автотранспортом, наверное, самый комфортный вид езды. Вы можете свободно полежать, расслабиться, отдохнуть. Комфортабельные поезда помогают полноценно выспаться.

Если у вас есть дети, то железно-дорожный транспорт будет самым удобным, особенно если речь идет о вагоне купе. Вы сможете спокойно следить за своими детьми, вам не придется контактировать с неприятными соседями, как это иногда бывает в автобусе.

Кстати, вагон-купе помогает вам быть практически изолированным от различных шумов. А это в определенной степени помогает расслабиться и насладиться дорогой, полностью настроится на долгожданный отдых.

Так же, практически все отмечают, что жд билеты по себестоимости гораздо дешевле, чем билеты на автобус. Да, передвижение на поезде, это более экономичный вариант путешествий.

Необходимо отметить, что движение ж/д состава в большинстве случаев не зависит от погодных, климатических условий.

Специалисты также отмечают, что на железных дорогах практически не бывает пробок, а аварийные ситуации и вовсе редкость, чего не скажешь про автомагистрали.

Немного о минусах

Не всегда можно добраться до любимого города. Могут потребоваться различные пересадки.

В основном, всегда требуется больше времени для поездки, в отличие от автомобиля или автобуса.

Некоторые полезные советы и меры безопасности

Итак, если вы выберите железно-дорожный транспорт, то о чем необходимо помнить и каким инструкциям следовать?

1​ Когда вы будете находиться в купе, желательно закрыть на замок дверь и окно.

2​ Ни в коем случае не выставляйте напоказ посторонним лицам ценные вещи.

3​ В обязательном порядке положите ценные вещи в разных местах своей одежды и багажа.

4​ Требуется иметь с собой еще один кошелек с маленькой суммой денег.

5​ Желательно носить с собой копию паспорта или других документов, удостоверяющих личность.

6​ При нападении старайтесь сохранять спокойствие и не сопротивляйтесь.

Из всего вышесказанного видно, что самый недорогой, доступный и комфортный вид транспорта, это все таки поезд.

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transportrussia.ru

Грузоперевозки жд транспортом: плюсы и минусы

Россия обладает огромной территорией, по которой растянуты почти 1,4 млн километров автомобильных дорог. Однако большая часть из них находится в неудовлетворительном состоянии. По оценкам экспертов, менее 40% дорог федерального значения соответствуют введенным для них нормативам. В этой связи, грузоперевозки жд транспортом остаются главной возможностью для транспортировки крупногабаритных и многотоннажных грузов на дальние расстояния. Протяженность железнодорожных магистралей в РФ достигает 87 тысяч километров. По этому показателю наша страна уступает лишь США и Китаю.

Преимущества перевозок по железной дороге

Рельсовый транспорт обладает несколькими бесспорными преимуществами по сравнению с автомобильным. Во-первых, железная дорога незаменима при транспортировке крупных партий грузов, сыпучих и строительных материалов. Для перевозки опасных или скоропортящихся изделий и ресурсов используются специальные вагоны — контейнеры,  рефрижераторы, цистерны. Во-вторых, движение поездов организовано в соответствии со строгим графиком, они не зависят от автомобильных пробок, а также мало подвержены влиянию погодных и климатических факторов. Все это позволяет грузоотправителю точнее планировать свою логистику, прогнозировать время доставки материалов и продукции в пункт назначения, избегать внеплановых расходов в связи с задержкой или отменой перевозки.

Полезные факты о железных дорогах в России:

  • на них приходится до 85% всего грузооборота в стране;
  • за один год товарные поезда перевозят около 1,3 млрд тонн грузов;
  • железные дороги имеются в 78 из 83 российских регионов;
  • для некоторых отдаленных городов и поселков жд-магистраль является единственным способом доставки грузов.

Стоит добавить, что средний вес грузового поезда в России составляет 4,5 тыс тонн, каждый состав формируется примерно из 70 вагонов.

Недостатки жд-транспорта

Среди отрицательных свойств грузовых поездов следует назвать их жесткую привязанность к  маршруту. Железные дороги могут быть неэффективными при транспортировке материалов на короткие расстояния, например: Москва-Тверь или Москва-Калуга. В этом случае выгоднее использовать автомагистрали (подробнее о таких возможностях читайте вот тут), однако при перевозке грузов между столицами федеральных округов рельсовый транспорт бесспорно выигрывает у автомобильного. Другой существенный минус железнодорожной инфраструктуры в России — то, что практически на 100% она является рудиментом советской плановой экономики и длительное время не подвергалась существенному обновлению.

skatinfo.ru

Железнодорожные перевозки: плюсы и минусы

Прежде всего, нужно подчеркнуть, что грузоперевозки являются неотъемлемой частью всех производственных компаний, ведь для того, чтобы доставить до потребителей конечный товар необходимо транспортировать его в точку сбыта. На сегодняшний день решить задачу такого рода можно с помощью нескольких различных видов транспорта. Среди них жд перевозки грузов представляют собой своего рода традиционный способ доставки грузов, причём его популярность и востребованность остаётся высокой и по сей день, что в первую очередь связано с необходимостью транспортировки больших партий товаров на достаточно длинные дистанции. Более того, для определённого ряда товаров такой вид транспорта является единственно оптимальным способом доставки до места назначения.

Положительные и отрицательные стороны

В первую очередь стоит сказать, что железнодорожным видом транспорта можно перевезти груз практически любого типа: от продуктов питания до различных сыпучих материалов, к примеру, песка. А с помощью современных рефрижераторных вагонов можно в достаточно короткие сроки перевезти до точки назначения скоропортящиеся продукты, и при этом сохранить их качество и сэкономить немало денег. Ключевые преимущества данного вида перевозок заключаются в весьма высокой грузоподъёмности и сравнительно низкой стоимости.

Кроме того, использовать железнодорожный вид транспорта можно в любые погодные условия, что, в свою очередь, заметным образом снижает возможные траты, которые могут быть связан с задержками в пути. При всём при этом транспортные компании предлагают достаточно точные расписания, благодаря чему время доставки до пункта назначения можно спрогнозировать максимально точно. Вдобавок ко всему вышеописанному следует отметить, что данный вид грузоперевозок считается одним из самых безопасных, тем более взломы вагонов с целью хищения их содержимого являются достаточно редким явлением. К тому же, немало стран в нынешнее время обладает достаточно разветвлённой системой железных дорог, что, в свою очередь, расширяет список населённых пунктов, до которых можно довезти груз таким видом транспорта.

Что касается минусов, то ключевым недостатком является жёсткая привязанность данных видов грузоперевозок к конкретному маршруту, по которому проложено железнодорожное полотно. Другой минус заключается в невозможности доставки «до двери». Но в целом, несмотря на наличие минусов, железнодорожные грузоперевозки — это отличный вариант, если вам нужно доставить свой товар до места назначения экономически выгодно и достаточно быстро.

railwayukr.com

Реформа РЖД: плюсы и минусы | Железнодорожный транспорт

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transportrussia.ru

Особенности железнодорожного транспортаВаш Авиа Гид

Железнодорожный транспорт очень хорошо развит в России. Он существует уже более ста лет. Сейчас есть множество различных железнодорожных вузов, которые подготавливают кадры для этой важной сферы. На данный момент в компаниях, которые осуществляют железнодорожные перевозки вакансии есть практически всегда, потому что транспорт постоянно развивается. Он стал таким популярным, потому что обладает большим количеством достоинств.

Преимущества и недостатки железнодорожного транспорта

Основными плюсами железнодорожного транспорта можно назвать:

  1. Можно перевозить груз даже в самые суровые погодные условия. Например, самолёты не могут летать во время плохой видимости или грозы, а корабли не имеют возможности транспортировать грузы в зимнее время.
  2. Себестоимость перевозки очень низкая. Именно поэтому большая партия товара может быть доставлена на значительное расстояние по очень привлекательной цене.
  3. Составы могут перевозить огромное количество разнообразного груза.
  4. Перевозки – регулярные, а из-за устойчивости транспортных железных дорог риск, что товар придёт позже расчётного времени, минимален.
  5. Груз может быть перевезён практически сразу после заказа транспорта.
  6. Выполнять погрузку и разгрузку очень удобно.
  7. Если расстояние достаточно большое, то перевозка осуществляется гораздо быстрее, чем любым другим видом транспорта, кроме самолёта.

Недостатки железнодорожных перевозок:

  • при небольших расстояниях перевозка занимает много времени;
  • перевозчиков на рынке – небольшое количество, что снижает качество предоставления услуг и повышает стоимость;
  • в дороге груз может быть похищен, либо потеряться, так как в пути поезд испытывает вибрации и колебания;
  • в некоторых местах нет железнодорожных путей, что требует использования дополнительного транспорта.

Если организовывать перевозку автомобильным и железнодорожным транспортом, то могут возникнуть некоторые трудности, так как нужно осуществлять погрузочно-разгрузочные работы несколько раз.

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